Dirigible3 Dirigible14 Dirigible13
Jack Holt
Ralph Graves
Fay Wray
Released by Columbia | Directed by Frank Capra
Run time: 100 minutes

Proof That It’s a Pre-Code Film

  • I can’t tell if this was suggestive or not: “You know, wives and south poles weren’t meant to mix!”

Dirigible: Hot Air

“When you’ve got a reputation, you’ve got to live up to it.

“Even if you have to die for it?”

“Well… you can only die once.”

The success of William Wellman’s Wings in 1927 and the subsequent box office phenomenon of Howard Hughes’ Hell’s Angels showed one thing: the public loved a good aviation picture. And it’s no wonder– sound technology gave the hums and whirs of the airplanes up close and personal like never before. Daredevils of the First World War migrated to Hollywood and cooperation with the military gave the studios plenty of feats of daring to put on film.


“Sometimes you just feel trapped, ya know? Like in a parallelogram of some sort…”

Compounding that nowadays, especially in Dirigible, is the presence of, well, dirigibles. The giant balloons that one looked like battleships of the air are now consigned to the dustbin of history. Since this film was produced in conjunction with the Navy, there’s plenty of footage of them gliding through the air, including past the Statue of Liberty. We’re treated to some adventure including one spectacular breakup during a torrential storm.

If it sounds like I’m harping on the special effects, that may be because the plot itself contains a multitude of echoes from previous aviation films, often shallow. Fay Wray has that eternally unwelcome role as the fulcrum between two buckets of testosterone who, this time, are competing to see who can reach the South Pole first. One is Jack, an advocate for dirigibles, and the other is Frisky, a big airplane pilot with a reckless streak. Wray’s Helen is married to Frisky, though that may change depending on the amount of ego-serving bravado one may exert.


Wow, matching swimsuits!

The film’s climax involves a plane crash in the remote Antarctic snow and a daring rescue. This is where the film picks up as it becomes a survival tale, four men against the worst elements with nearly no hope of rescue. It’s pretty harrowing stuff, and the only stuff in the film that really clicks.

Dirigible was made in a time where world records were falling like dominoes and men of great skill and desire– and stupidity– battled one another to put their names in the record books. The movie does a good job capturing that nationalistic fervor, as well as magnifying the consequences of Icarus straying too close to the sun.

Clarence Muse appears for a few minutes to joke about ‘climbing that pole’ and how he knows better than the pilots about the South Pole– after all, he’s from Birmingham! He later shows up at the Antarctic camp to sing “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.” I’m sorry, Clarence. You deserved better. Roscoe Karns, still in the early stages of being a comedic sidekick, gets some fun here. He also gets one of the most brutal sequences in the film’s latter half, giving him the most dramatic part in the entire enterprise.

Amusingly, Muse's fashion here is about 40 years ahead of its time.

Amusingly, Muse’s fashion here is about 40 years ahead of its time.

It’s all very big, abstract stuff, and director Frank Capra certainly knows how to juggle the up and downsides of nationalism. The film is effective, I just couldn’t find myself involved in the main arc– it’s too convenient, and the characters all too defined by their goals rather than any personality. Wray’s character is especially frustrating, as she seems to no other hobby than to fret constantly.

That being said, if the opportunity to see this on the big screen ever came up, I would jump on it. While much of the love triangle is safe ‘bathroom break’ territory, there’s a terrific sense of scale and action here rarely met at the time, and there’s a hell of a gut punching ending to boot. It just takes a long time getting there.


Click to enlarge. All of my images are taken by me– please feel free to reuse with credit!

Trivia & Links

  • The movie was based on bits and pieces of true events. Roald Amundsen became the first person to reach the South Pole on December 14th, 1911. The Scott expedition that raced Amundsen’s group ran into several tragic incidents resulting in their deaths that certainly provide a number of similarities to the film. You can read about that here. The movie was also heavily influenced by the 1928 crash of the airship Italia in the Arctic, which had been attempting to reach the North Pole before it mysteriously crashed, killing much of the crew. Roald Amundsend would die in the efforts to rescue the crash’s survivors. You can read about that crash on Wikipedia or in Disaster at the Pole by Wilbur Cross.
  • Columbia’s first picture to premiere at Graumann’s Chinese Theater.
  • Much of the dirigible footage was shot in Lakehurst, New Jersey, where the Hindenburg met its fateful end six years later.
"Well, this is another fine mess."

“Well, this is another fine mess.”

  • TCMDB talks about the film’s scriptwriter’s illustrious career:

The story for Dirigible was penned by the famed Naval Academy graduate and aviator-turned-screenwriter Frank “Spig” Wead. John Ford, a friend of Spig’s, based his film The Wings of Eagles (1957) on Wead’s life story with John Wayne in the lead. Wead was a big proponent of speed competitions and air racing. And it was just those demonstrations of the Navy’s might which pushed that service branch into the public consciousness. Public pressure then turned on Congress to fund the advancement of aviation technology. Wead transitioned into writing when he broke his neck in a fall in 1926 and became paralyzed (though he later regained the use of his forearms and legs). He would go on to receive two Academy Award nominations, for Test Pilot (1938) and The Citadel (1938).

  • There’s two-strip Technicolor footage of this film’s premiere in the following video. Included are Bessie Love, Frank Fay, Barbara Stanwyck, Edward G. Robinson, Gloria Swanson and others:

Awards, Accolades & Availability

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Danny is a writer who lives with his lovely wife, adorable children, and geriatric yet yappy dog. He blogs at, a website dedicated to Hollywood films from 1930 to 1934, and can be found on Twitter @PreCodeDotCom.

1 Comment

Frank M. Young · September 16, 2016 at 9:56 am

Rarefilmm is gone; shut down by the DCMA asswipes. 🙁

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