Moulin Rogue 1934 pre-Code Constance Bennett Franchot Tone Moulin Rogue 1934 pre-Code Constance Bennett Franchot Tone Moulin Rogue 1934 pre-Code Constance Bennett Franchot Tone
Constance Bennett
Franchot Tone
Tullio Carminati 
Released by 20th Century Pictures | Directed By Sidney Lanfield

Proof That It’s Pre-Code

  • Doug needs to compose his newest musical number in the lady’s room since everywhere else is taken.
  • One of the film’s musical numbers revolves around a woman’s desire to bring a man his coffee in the morning and kisses every night. And the consequence is children.
  • Being a wife “is day and night work, too.”
  • The plot hinges on how a man letting his wife perform on stage would be a horrific scandal, while the play’s new star, a burlesque dancer from the Moulin Rouge, is perfect. Apparently, scandal sells, as long as it isn’t from your own home.

Moulin Rouge: Le Wackiness

“I’ve seen some queer things in my time, but this is the first time I ever saw a two-sided triangle!”

Before we delve into the mess that is Moulin Rouge, you need to understand something about the picture. It was a popular practice to use scandalous names to sell films to audiences in the early 1930s– Sinners’ Holiday, Safe in Hell, etc– and what better name is there than that of the Moulin Rouge, the famous Parisian nightclub that invented the can-can dance? It promises sex, sin, and all sorts of good times.

With that in mind, I should explain that the modern day equivalent of the 1934 Moulin Rouge is if someone took a comedy like Bring It On and renamed it Teenage Cheerleader Slutastic Sex Pyramids 4. Its title is wholly misleading, a distinct attempt to create a scandalous aura that the breezy comedy underneath doesn’t resemble at all.

Moulin Rogue 1934 pre-Code Constance Bennett Franchot Tone

That Bennett Woman.

It definitely doesn’t help that the breezy comedy is pretty lame, despite some rather nice trick photography to back it up. You see, it goes like this: Broadway writer Doug refuses to let his doting wife go into the theatre despite the fact that she had a fairly decent career before they got married. Helen is livid, and plots out the perfect revenge plan. Her old friend and practical twin, Raquel, is a famous singer at the Moulin Rouge and is coming to New York to appear as the star in Doug and director Vicky’s latest show. Helen will substitute for her friend in the play while testing her husband’s fidelity and proving herself a great actress.

Things go awry, as they must, as Helen becomes terrified that her husband is in love with Raquel (who, at this point, is also her). Or maybe that he’s on to her charade. Or maybe both or neither. She gets flustered and Doug appears to have no qualms about making out with a woman who looks exactly like his wife but with a different hair color and a French accent.

Moulin Rogue 1934 pre-Code Constance Bennett Franchot Tone

This is just two much.

Look, I can’t blame him for that (don’t tell my wife), but there’s not enough of a spark to make it interesting. It’s not farcical enough to build on previous laughs… nor are there many initial laughs as the case may be. Helen is a bundle of nerves, Doug is more or less a sleazeball, and Hobart Cavanaugh’s role as a drunken lout who pops up to mutter a few slurred lines on a regular schedule is maddening.

The redemptive features in the movie come in its climactic musical numbers, since Bennett is somehow a better singer with a fake French accent piled on. The numbers are clearly Busby Berkeley influenced, though not as accomplished. Lots of pretty faces on display, a few naughty double entendres, and women dancing in next to nothing. One of the better numbers resembles “The Broadway Melody” from Singin’ in the Rain, only its a pastiche of Bennett’s character as she moves up to the nightclubs from the dance halls. They’re cute numbers, but suffer from mediocre music and a reliance on extravagant sets over clever or peppy camera work.

Moulin Rogue 1934 pre-Code Constance Bennett Franchot Tone

That moment in the movie where I think, “Crap, maybe I shouldn’t be watching this on a bus.”

But let’s talk about Constance Bennett, who is horribly underdiscussed on this site despite being one of the most popular stars of the early 1930s and, in fact, at one point being the highest paid woman in the world. She made a name for herself in pictures like The Easiest Way, The Common Law, and Lady with a Past, in all of them playing good women who strayed into sin and came to regret it. Sometimes she found redemption, sometimes she didn’t, but she was deeply sympathetic, a woman struggling to survive in an extremely inhospitable world. It was a popular trope, and Bennett made bank on it.

The problem was that her real life push for more money and unwillingness to expand her repertoire soon soured audiences mired in the Depression. Constance didn’t mind churning out whatever was handed to her so long as the check was big. It was too apparent that the Constance on screen and the Constance in real life were unrelated– her image was disconnected.

She is a fantastic actress though, even if she sometimes got stuck in ruts of similar characters or films like the legendarily bad Rockabye. She has a remarkable ease in front of the camera that few other actresses ever had (watch her shimmy in Topper if you ever need proof) and a languishing charm that’s hard to resist.

Bennett is especially sublime in Moulin Rouge and easily a powerhouse, playing two women with four accents and still more names than that. What’s remarkable is how she manages to endow both characters she plays with different body language and even completely different fake Parisian accents. She plays off herself quite well, though, when it comes to squaring off against Doug, she’s often stuck worrying rather than delighting in her own trickery.

Moulin Rogue 1934 pre-Code Constance Bennett Franchot Tone

The big number.

The rest of the cast isn’t anything to write home about, with Franchot Tone stuck in a lame ‘he-man’ character who melts and bows to whims far too easily. Ivan Lebedoff pops up as Jackie’s lover for a few brief moments, and did I mention that Hobart Cavanaugh really is a big ol’ nothing here? I should, if I haven’t.

Moulin Rouge is kind of a bummer. It lacks the gleefulness of other post-42nd Street revues like Murder at the Vanities, and its farce is too tired to matter. It’s a rather limp affair, and a crummy waste of talent.


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Trivia & Links

  • Loosely based on a 1901 German play by Ludwig Fulda called Die Zwillingsfchwester (The Twin Sister). This play would also serve as the basis for the truly, truly awful Greta Garbo comedy Two-Faced Woman which would also star Constance Bennett.
  • Originally slated to star Robert Montgomery and to be directed by Gregory La Cava.
  • Some spreads from various fan magazines promoting the film found via Lantern:
  • TCMDB doesn’t have an article about this one, but it does have plenty of notes about the film’s production:

According to a news items, the film was publicized with a special train from Los Angeles to Washington, D.C. and then New York, carrying a number of motion picture stars, in a similar manner to the way 42nd Street, which was also a Zanuck production, was publicized in 1933.

It is interesting to note that none other than Helen Westley, the well-known actress who is a member of the board of directors of the Theatre Guild, makes her debut in this production as an elderly woman named Mrs. Morris, a retired stage luminary who is in a measure responsible for Helen’s huge success. Miss Westley, it is almost superfluous to state, is excellent in this role.

  • Say what you will about the movie (as I just have, obviously), it’s got some great looking posters. Here’s one from Doctor Macro:


Awards, Accolades & Availability

  • This is one of those pre-20th Century Fox movies that Fox nowadays pretends doesn’t exist. I wish you luck in finding it!

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Danny is a writer who lives with his lovely wife, adorable children, and geriatric yet yappy dog. He blogs at pre-code.com, a website dedicated to Hollywood films from 1930 to 1934, and can be found on Twitter @PreCodeDotCom.


Tom Cunniffe · June 8, 2015 at 1:39 am

FYI, this movie is available for download at http://www.rarefilmm.com/search/label/pre%20code (readers will have to scroll through the pre-code listings to find it). Also wanted to mention that the vocal trio in the “Melodee Coffee Shopee” is the Boswell Sisters, one of the best vocal jazz groups of their day. Actually, the Bozzies are the reason why I have a copy of “Moulin Rouge”, along with their other feature film appearance in the Code film “Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round”.

    Danny · June 11, 2015 at 1:55 pm

    Thanks for sharing the link!

Dulcy · June 8, 2015 at 8:32 am

Wish you’d said something about Tullio Carminati. He’d be the only reason I’d seek this one out.

    Danny · June 11, 2015 at 1:56 pm

    … he’s un-noteworthy.

Brittaney · June 9, 2015 at 1:01 am

Yay! I’ve been waiting for your June review on a Constance Bennett film and you picked one I have never seen. As you say, she made some mediocre films, but there is just something about her. It sounds like this would have been a better film if Robert Montgomery had played the lead instead of Franchot Tone, but then I do love Montgomery. Thanks to Tom for the link to download this movie!

    Danny · June 11, 2015 at 1:58 pm

    I think the script was too dopey for even Montgomery to save, but I’ve been wrong about that before. I definitely owe Constance more attention, so we’ll see what happens this fall. 🙂

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