Constance Bennett
Joel McCrea
Pert Kelton
Released by RKO
Directed by Gregory La Cava
Run time: 67 minutes

Proof That It’s a Pre-Code Film

  • Follows a pair of prostitutes (one ‘finds’ $2 in her garter after a sojourn in the back of a delivery truck with a man).
  • “I could do a lot of thinkin’ on gin if you can find some.”
  • Early on, Kelton makes an offer to a riverboat ticket taker that necessitates the classic euphemistic foghorn to cover up her dialogue. (A series of foghorns later besieges Bennett during a difficult decision about owning up to her past, a nice thematic match-up.)
  • Kelton late in the movie tries to get Franklin Pangborn to leave her to talk to clerk at a department store alone by explaining, “It’s a very embarrassing subject, I’d have to talk it over with a lady.”

Bed of Roses: Love on the Run

“The only difference between me and the women you see riding around in those yachts is that they use their heads. Believe me, I’m using mine from now on.”

Bed of Roses is another pre-Code film about how women in the 1930s were often forced to choose between a life of security over one of passion. The fantasy here, of course, is that the security involves lounging around in a penthouse adorned with feathers while the passion involves the hard work and scrubbing. We can’t make it too easy, after all.

Constance Bennett is Lorry, an unrepentant prostitute who’s just gotten her release from a six month stint in jail in upper Louisiana. The warden keeps threatening her, but it all slides off her shoulders with a smug wink. A friendly priest makes it no further in trying to push her towards a ‘legitimate’ career. Lorry will make her own way in the world, religion and the state be damned.

Lorry’s fellow ex-inmate Minnie (Kelton, doing Mae West so hard that it’s amazing she wasn’t sued for impersonation), joins with her on a riverboat headed to New Orleans and a madame that they know can hook them up with regular gigs. While aboard, they play a shell game with a couple of drunkards, and when Lorry gets cornered with a stocking full of stolen money, she jumps overboard.

She’s picked up out of the water by Captain Dan (McCrea), a barge captain who moves cotton up and down the river. Lorry is so infuriated that she’s lost the money she stole, she pushes a joking Dan overboard. He climbs back up the ship and tosses her back the cold river as well until cooler heads thusly prevail. Dan gives her a change of clothes (Constance Bennett in worn-out overalls is a sight to cherish) and then, in true pre-Code good guy fashion, doesn’t force himself on her and lets her sleep in his bunk for the night.

She repays this kindness by stealing his money, and she uses it to buy some clothes and put on an act to seduce a local book publisher named Stephen Paige (John Halliday). Paige falls for it, especially after Lorry performs one of the most obscene sipping scenes I’ve ever seen. She becomes his kept woman, with a penthouse and fancy clothes and the proverbial ‘bed of roses’. Of course, the two detest each other, and it’s likely the only reason Stephen keeps her around is because he’s aroused by how much she can toy with his emotions.

Lorry is a woman with her own code of ethics, however, and makes the decision to repay Dan. Dan’s gentleness in taking the money back– no pushing, hitting or even throwing her overboard!– leads to a simmering love affair. Their first kiss, after a long courtship, leaves Lorry laid out, dreamily whispering, “So that’s what it’s like.”

Of course, life with Dan is one of crushing hard work scrubbing decks and making food, so Lorry is back to the classic choice: comfort or love. The solution will not surprise you, but the film’s atmosphere and charm are strong enough to keep the movie moving.

Constance Bennett, who was one of pre-Code’s preeminent fallen women (at least until Rockabye blew up in her face), is fantastic in the central role. She doesn’t really dial down her caustic attitude, never making Lorry feel restrained or polite. Even her fake seduction of Halliday is handled with wits and the right amount of playacting to keep herself in control.

Because of the film’s southern setting, most of the supporting roles, including the entirety of Dan’s crew, are played by African-Americans, mostly in the usual subservient roles of the time. They’re also used as a chorus, too, singing a portentous rendition of “Frankie & Johnnie” as Dan and Lorry lay on the deck looking at stars through the fog.

John Halliday, meanwhile, is your classic pre-Code cad, one who not only has a bust of Caesar but dresses as Napoleon for Mardi Gras; I appreciated how utterly cold his character is, one driven by rules and possession more than passion or smarts. Pert Kelton’s vamping it up throughout the picture, and delivers enough comic relief to keep things moving. Franklin Pangborn appears in the last ten minutes; just thought I should note that for all his rabid fans out in the audience.

Being an RKO production helmed by Gregory La Cava, Bed of Roses works as a pleasant fairy tale, one nicely languid, yet skeptical of the whole notion of a kept woman ever being happy. This movie explored a popular theme within the women’s pictures of the time, especially during the Great Depression, where love was worth the hardship. Many in the audience would have been lucky to have someone as good looking as Joel McCrea to suffer their hardships with.

Screen Capture Gallery

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Other Reviews, Trivia, and Links

  • The above review was written in June 2020, replacing a much more unpleasant entry from 2011. At least I assume it was unpleasant, I can’t stand to read my old writing.
  • TCMDB touches on the careers of Bennett, McCrea and, here, Kelton:

[Bennett] makes a great duo with Kelton, whose Minnie is a breezily off-color firecracker, a woman who puts fun before proper moral conduct and still comes out ahead in the end. (And some of the lines she mutters are salty even by pre-code standards.) Kelton worked steadily in comic bit parts through the 1930s, and in the early 1950s she played the first Alice Kramden on The Honeymooners, opposite Jackie Gleason. Shortly thereafter, Kelton was blacklisted – at which point she was replaced on The Honeymooners by Audrey Meadows – and didn’t begin working again until the early 1960s: She played Mrs. Paroo, Marian the Librarian’s mother, in the 1962 film of The Music Man.

The well-spoken girl of the Maugham story has been transformed into a callous creature named Lorry Evans, who is determined to have her “bed of roses,” cost what it may.The new offering is far from edifying and the characters do not always behave as if they were drawn from life. It is a case of the plot having precedence over the conduct of the persons involved.

The dialogue is great throughout, though, with Halliday and Kelton trying to wise up Constance to her self-inflicted class-ceilinged moral code. There’s a big Mardi Gras scene that’s all dressed up to go nowhere, but it’s altogether a gem and a hoot.

Constance Bennett in Gregory La Cava’s Bed of Roses (1933) played a woman who was completely bad news, but she was Constance Bennett, which made all the difference.

The film takes a much more casual attitude toward sinning than The Easiest Way or Born to Love: Lorry is a tough, merry tart who doesn’t stop to question her morals until fairly late in the film. Constance comes across as a more teasing, sexually aggressive personality than any of her previous films allowed her to be [..] but it wasn’t enough to make Bed of Roses a hit.

Awards, Accolades & Availability

  • This film still hasn’t made its debut on DVD, but plays occasionally on Turner Classic Movies.

More Pre-Code to Explore



Danny is a writer who lives with his lovely wife, adorable children, and geriatric yet yappy dog. He blogs at pre-code.com, a website dedicated to Hollywood films from 1930 to 1934, and can be found on Twitter @PreCodeDotCom.


Des · September 15, 2017 at 9:01 am

No mention of Pert Kelton!

According to Maltin’s Classic Movie Guide, ‘Kelton is hilarious as a slinky, no-holds barred “bad girl” with an acid tongue’.

Wikipedia has ‘Kelton has all the best lines, surprisingly wicked and amusing observations that would never be allowed in an American film after the Hollywood Production Code was adopted’. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pert_Kelton

Kelton is the reason I want to watch this film and yet she doesn’t rate a mention. Maybe you thought her performance over rated but then that in itself would be worth mentioning. This seems like a strange omission from your usual excellent reviews.

Munsy rifka · January 18, 2018 at 11:53 am

Pert was astounding!

Sam · August 1, 2019 at 4:41 am

Someone wrote that the Code, in a nutshell, removed all traces of women’s sexuality. They waited for marriage without impatience, and married for just about any reason, including love – but never passion.

Comments are closed.