StatesAttorney3  StatesAttorney9  StatesAttorney11
Tom Cardigan
John Barrymore
June Perry
Helen Twelvetrees
Vanny Powers
William Boyd
Released by RKO | Directed By George Archainbaud

Proof That It’s Pre-Code

  • Our lead character has a fridge full of alcohol. And a table full. Several table fulls. The dude likes to drink. He may have a problem.
  • He also likes to help the guilty get away with it.
  • Our lead character falls for a woman who’s a lady of the evening. They have a relationship outside of marriage that lasts for quite a few years.
  • When asked if his landlord will mind a woman living with him, he responds, “No, he’s a bachelor, too.”

State’s Attorney: All’s Fair in Love & Court

“That laugh just cost you your neck.”

State’s Attorney is about all the problems that come from being talented and not having any idea what to do with it. Tom Cardigan (John Barrymore) is infinitely charming in law and discourse, knowing how to play a jury like a one stringed banjo. But he’s frustrated because he has no idea where to focus his abilities. Getting the criminals off– innocent or not– is a fun little game, but there has to be some deeper meaning at play. Tom is desperate to find a cause.

So he searches for it. The most obvious place is at the bottom of a bottle, a place that gives him more courage and less introspection. It also helps him deal with how he aids mob boss and former convict-in-arms Vanny Powers (William Boyd) and his criminal empire. “Does a grocer ask who pays his bills?” he muses ruefully, between drinks.

Things change when he meets June Perry (Helen Twelvetrees) one evening. She’s been arrested for tapping on a window when a man walked by; it was an open offer that a stool pigeon saw as another opportunity to cozy up to the police. Cardigan, drunk and surly, decimates in him a few minutes. He also manages to take June home with him, where she asks him what he wants to eat for breakfast the next day.

Hmm, all good breakfast options, that's for sure.

Hmm, all good breakfast options, that’s for sure.

Over the course of a few years, Tom’s position changes. He goes to work for the D.A. office when they decide that working with him is better than working against him. A well-publicized murder trial sees him grabbing the headlines and the job at the head of the office. Unfortunately, June isn’t the right girl to have by his side as rumors of the governorship swirl; that’ll be Lillian (Jill Esmond), the current governor’s daughter and an adventurous dame who finds Cardigan sending a woman to the gallows electrifying. “I could go for him in a big way,” she purrs to her father and, uh, boyfriend.

Two decisions put Tom’s life in a choke hold. He marries Lillian, but can’t bring himself to consummate the marriage. He tries to apologize to June and reconcile, but she senses that his pleas are just as dishonest as his courtroom performances. To make things worse, Tom spurns Vanny’s bribes after Vanny guns down a would-be assassin which June unfortunately witnesses. The murder trial threatens to bring all sorts of skeletons out of the closet, putting Tom in the position to choose to either protect the woman he still loves or convict a murderer at the threat of losing his own career.

Is she afraid of Tom or just of his breath?

Is she afraid of Tom or just of his breath?

There are many pleasures to be found in State’s Attorney for sure, with director George Archainbaud bringing a classy but light touch to a movie that straddles both drama and comedy. Twelvetrees is a standout as June, a woman who’s been through the ringer but sees her love of Tom as a way to redeem both him and herself. She pities him, she pushes him, and she’s always bracingly honest, thinking his power plays to be unnecessary and only making things worse.

Barrymore, too, is masterful here, exerting both charm and playfulness while never letting go of the tortured soul beneath the bravado. The film’s trial scenes are a blast, and the movie knows it’s just fun watching an expert orator like Tom go to town. One highlight is his questioning of accused murderess Nora Dean where he rhythmically taps the iron that was used to bludgeon her husband on the frame of the bed that they shared. He knows when to switch tactics, but, more importantly, he knows when to keep pushing, even tiptoeing around objections in order to find a new way to tighten the screws. Barrymore is perfection in these scenes, playing an actor just as talented as himself but torn between duty, ambition, and frustration.

The fatal glasses of beer.

The fatal glasses of beer.


But my favorite relationship in the movie has to be that between Tom and Vanny, the gangster who made and plans to break Tom. They went to reform school together, and Vanny delights in using Tom’s skills for evil. Their friendship is set up like so many leading men and exasperated sidekicks, only Vanny has bite. He’s not just a schlub, but a mob boss. After a hit is attempted on him, he gets his revenge on the hitman on a lonely street at night. He kills the man with one shot, and then shoots him seven more times just for kicks, all while laughing maniacally. Dude knows what he likes to do. He’s such a rat, and knows which screws to turn on Tom to make their interactions crackle.

His final undoing– laughing again when Tom refuses to cross examine June at his murder trial– is a wonderful moment. The gloating, confident villain does exactly the wrong thing at exactly the wrong time.

End spoilers.

State’s Attorney is a stylish and assured entry in to the early lawyer picture genre. It paints the mob as cruel and merciless, and the halls of political power filled with nepotism and greed. No one is wholly good in the movie save for June, a wry angel who plays the voice of reason to a man who’s desires always seem to push him in exactly the wrong direction. It’s a solid little film, with Barrymore at his most verbose and charming best.


Hover over for controls.

Trivia & Links

  • There’s not much out there on this one– which is kind of stunning, to be honest. TCMDB‘s entire article on the film just lists Barrymores other movies for the year. However, their notes have some good info on

The Variety review commented that the participation of writer Gene Fowler in the production suggested that the story was based on the life of the late New York criminal lawyer, William J. Fallon. A former assistant district attorney, Fallon, whose nickname was “Broadway’s Cicero,” died in 1927 of liver failure after winning an acquittal for himself on a bribery charge. According to Gene Fowler’s biography of Fallon, The Great Mouthpiece (New York, 1931), Fallon defended 126 homicide actions without a conviction and saved more than fifty persons from execution. Fallon was also the unacknowledged subject of Warner Bros.’ 1932 film The Mouthpiece, which beat RKO’s film to the box office by a week . Variety contended that RKO “deliberately proceeded to confuse this association [with Fallon] by making hanging the capital punishment which, geographically at least, removes the locale from New York and suggests the state of Illinois more.”

  • Fallon’s life and career inspired plenty of other pre-Code imitators (talkies finally giving actors the ability to speechify as never before). These include For the Defense (1930), The Mouthpiece (1932), Lawyer Man (1932), and Counsellor at Law (1933). This film would later be remade as Criminal Lawyer (1937) with Lee Tracy.
  • Judy at Movie Classics compares this one to What Price Hollywood? (1932) and has some great observations about the trend of alcoholics in pre-Code cinema:

It seems as if there were a lot of movies in the 1930s about men with alcohol problems – I wonder if this maybe had something to do with the Depression, as a dramatic way of expressing the despair which many people watching the movies would have felt in their own lives. I suppose it also serves partly to counter-balance the glamour of a world like the legal profession or Hollywood – Barrymore’s character, Tom Cardigan, might have a grand apartment (and a butler, a touch which seems a bit unlikely to me), but his table is littered with half-empty bottles and overflowing ashtrays, showing the hopeless mess of his personal life. Women reluctantly working as prostitutes, as heroine June does in this film, is also something which often happens in pre-Codes and again points up the desperation of many people in the Depression. Of course, the sleazy underworld of bars and vice seen in these pre-Codes also has a self-destructive glamour of its own.

  • Here’s a preview clip from Warner Archive’s DVD from when Cardigan examines a murderess on the defense stand:

Awards, Accolades & Availability

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Danny is a writer who lives with his lovely wife, adorable children, and geriatric yet yappy dog. He blogs at, a website dedicated to Hollywood films from 1930 to 1934, and can be found on Twitter @PreCodeDotCom.


Cliff Aliperti · August 1, 2014 at 1:41 am

Glad that Helen Twelvetrees impressed you even if she doesn’t get a ton to do here compared to some of her starring roles.

I’m reading Gene Fowler’s book about Fallon right now and it’s a waste of a few bucks so far. I’m a third of the way in and the guy is just graduating Fordham. That would be great if there were anything but unrelated colorful stories so far, but no, instead of a biography I feel like I’m reading several old copies of the Police Gazette.

Interesting that Fowler also wrote the first big Barrymore biography. Wonder if the two had a few drinks together discussing how JB would tackle this Fallon inspired character.

Enjoyed your review of State’s Attorney and most happy that it earned the always-key ‘Like’ from you at the top of the page!

    Danny · August 7, 2014 at 11:00 am

    Sorry the book stinks, Cliff, though I do admire you for actually trudging through– I always just chuck a book if I get sick of the thing.

    I would have loved to have been at a Barrymore/Fallon meeting. Especially if they’re paying for the drinks!

Jennifer · August 1, 2014 at 2:59 am

Fowler and Barrymore had more than a few drinks together, discussing everything. All the time. 😀 Sadly, this is the movie when Jack’s…shall we say “memory lapses” began to show; he used blackboards for all subsequent films.

    Danny · August 7, 2014 at 11:47 am

    Man, that would have been a blast. And it’s a shame about Barrymore– he still had a few years of great performances in him, but it’s a pretty long, ugly slide after that.

    Terence · March 28, 2016 at 9:13 am

    Fowler, Barrymore, Errol Flynn, Gregory LaCava and W.C. Fields were all drinking buddies. Fowler later wrote a Barrymore bio (Goodnight Sweet Prince) and W.C. Fields: His Follies and Fortunes. And Flynn regarded Barrymore as something of a mentor — “Uncle Jack” — when it came to booze and women. In fact, Raoul Walsh claimed that he borrowed Barrymore’s corpse from the funeral parlor and propped it up on a bar stool in Flynn’s basement to help assuage the Australian’s grief over Barrymore’s death. Of course, Walsh was Irish and liked to tell such stories. BTW — State’s Attorney and Counselor At Law are two of Barrymore’s best. I think he was born to play trial lawyers.

      Danny · April 13, 2016 at 2:11 pm

      I won’t disagree with that– he had just the right presence for an attorney.

Judy · August 1, 2014 at 6:46 am

Glad you liked this one, Danny – I tend to like lawyer movies, and must say ‘The Mouthpiece’ is fantastic. I hadn’t realised the two were released only a week apart. I also recently enjoyed William Powell in ‘For the Defense’, but haven’t seen him in ‘Lawyer Man’ as yet. Ah, but ‘Counsellor at Law’ is the best pre-Code lawyer movie I’ve seen, even though it doesn’t actually get into the courtroom.

Thanks for the link and quoting my piece on this film – I don’t know if I’d realised when writing it that the real-life model, Fallon, had a drink problem and so this theme tends to crop up in the films inspired by him – but seems to loom especially large in this one.

    Danny · August 7, 2014 at 11:50 am

    I’ve REALLY got to see The Mouthpiece. Lawyer Man is pretty cool because there are no big courtroom scenes, which makes it pretty unique.

    And you’re welcome for the link. I watched this one, wrote the review, and then read your piece and felt bad that my take isn’t nearly as good or as fresh. Happened with The Public Enemy too. :/ Keep up the great work!

      Judy · August 8, 2014 at 1:11 am

      Many thanks, Danny, I’m a big fan of your blog and in awe of how many great reviews you manage to write, so you’ve just made my day! I’ll aim to see ‘Lawyer Man’ asap.

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